A year ago, March brought a sharp rise in the price of lemons in Europe, including Poland. This was due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which sparked interest in the procurement of these citrus fruits, according to the analysts of the APK-Inform: Vegetables and Fruits project citing the fresh-market website .
In the same period in 2020, the average price for lemons on the Polish wholesale market increased by 64% to the level of 9 zlotys / kg ($ 2.34 / kg). Such a price increase was caused by feverish demand for lemons not only in Poland, but across Europe as well.
The situation on the Polish lemon market is quite different this season. And although today the coronavirus pandemic is still ongoing, lemons are no longer in such a rush of demand as during the first wave of the coronavirus. The demand on the fresh market has stabilized, and although it is still much higher than before the outbreak of the pandemic, the demand for lemons no longer reaches the level of March last year.
On the Polish market, prices for lemons have remained stable since mid-February at 4-5.50 zlotys / kg ($ 1.04-1.43 / kg), which is on average 14% cheaper compared to the same period last year. Moreover, it seems unlikely that prices in this segment will rise in the near future.
In Spain, which along with Turkey is the main supplier of lemons to Poland, today the situation in this sector is practically critical. The demand for lemons is very low, mainly due to the long-term closure of the HoReCa sector in Europe (which according to the Spanish estimates accounted for around 40% of the demand). Prices have dropped below cost, and Spanish growers are reluctant to harvest lemons today because production and harvesting costs are not covered.
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